In two-thirds of 36 developing nations, the poorest urban children are at least twice as likely to die as their wealthier counterparts, according to a survey by Save the Children. The survey is the group's 16th annual assessment and ranks the best and worst countries to raise a child.
The report said the greatest disparities are in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Ghana, Kenya, India, Madagascar, Nigeria, Peru, Rwanda and Vietnam, where urban children from poor families are three to five times as likely to die as children in relatively wealthy families.
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Norway was listed as the best place to be a mother. The United States ranked 61st globally in maternal health and is the worst developed country in the world to be a mother, the report said. A woman in the U.S. is over 10 times as likely as a woman in Poland, Austria or Belarus to die from a pregnancy-related cause.
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Since 1970, the child mortality rate worldwide has dropped by over half, despite the global population almost doubling. The charity says 1 million deaths per year could be avoided through simple techniques such as using antiseptics to disinfect the umbilical cord after birth, and steroids to help premature babies breathe.