Among the proposed rules are separate licenses after users complete training, and reports from automakers detailing all test collisions with the cars. The NHTSA's statement of policy defined automation as having 4 levels, which go from function-specific automation (level 1), to full self-driving automation (level 4).
NHTSA: US now at 'historic turning point' on driverless cars - The Hill's Transportation Report
Whether we're talking about automated features in cars today or fully automated vehicles of the future, our top priority is to ensure these vehicles — and their occupants — are safe.
– Department of Transportation secretary Ray LaHood
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in May 2013 proposed national regulations for driverless cars.
U.S. Department of Transportation Releases Policy on Automated Vehicle Development | National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Regulators from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration believe the most successful cars would be cars that are able to self-brake -- which will be especially helpful for older people with slower reflexes.
The Future, Coming Soon: Self-Driving Cars Mainstream by 2025
California's Dept. of Motor Vehicles on May 20 passed regulations governing the testing of driverless cars on public roads. The regulations, which go into effect on Sept. 16, say manufacturers will have to apply for permits--renewed annually-- and secure $5 million in insurance in order to test on public roads.
California approves test of self-driving cars on public roads
On May 27, 2014, Google unveiled its first, made-from-scratch, self-driving car. The car has no steering wheel or pedals. Google said it would build about 100 prototypes. It will have a top speed of 25 mph to start, and will "take you where you want to go at the push of a button," says Google.
With 360 degree visibility and 100% attention out in all directions at all times; our newest sensors can keep track of other vehicles, cyclists, and pedestrians out to a distance of nearly two football fields.
– Chris Urmson Google self-driving car program director
Urmson replied to a May 11 AP report about Google cars being involved in 11 accidents. Human drivers weren't paying attention to the road, Urmson wrote May 11. Over six years and 1.7 million miles of self and manual driving, Google's 20 cars had not caused an accident, he claimed.
The View from the Front Seat of the Google Self-Driving Car
The Mobility Transformation Facility, University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI
The University of Michigan said in early June that it plans to open a faux-urban test track to study autonomous cars in the fall. The track, a miniature fake city with stoplights and other traffic features, much like the ones used to test new drivers in some states, is scheduled to open in autumn 2014.